In Romanmythology, the name of the god of wine, associated with untrammeled pleasure and licentiousness; in esoteric circles (under his Grecian names) he is regarded as a solar resurrectional god who atones for sin.
At first Dionysus appears as a bearded man, but later as a handsome youth with black eyes and flowing locks, crowned with vine and ivy. In peace his robe was purple, in war it was a panther's skin.
Dionysus was the last god to enter Olympus. Thebes was his city, where he was born, the son of Zeus and the Theban princess Semele. He was the only god whose parents were not both divine.
According to some accounts Dionysus married Ariadne after her desertion by Theseus. He was a fertility god, especially in regard to the vine, but he was not solely a god of wine, unlike his Roman counterpart. The Romans seem to have confused this god with the ancient Italic deity Liber Pater, god of wine.
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