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Greeks and Trojans around the Body of Patrocles, Trojan Wars. . .  —  Buy this art print at


The fortress city of Homer's
Iliad in the extreme northwest corner of Asia Minor overlooking the strait of the Dardanelles; also the land of Troy or the Troad, with Ilium as its chief city.

Troy was found near the western entrance to the Dardanelles, in modern Turkey, as described in the Iliad.





Troy was identified as early as 1801 by Edward Clarke, a British scientist. Later, during the 1850s and 1860s, Frank Calvert, U.S. consul at the Dardanelles, also convinced of this identification, probed the mound at Hissarlık and encouraged Heinrich Schliemann to commence extensive excavations. Schliemann’s fervor, personality, and discoveries (from 1871 to 1873 and 1878 to 1879) catapulted ancient Anatolia onto the international scene, leaving an indelible mark on the history of archaeology.


Greek Hero Achilles Dragging Hector's Body Behind His Chariot in the Trojan Wars. . .  —  Buy this art print at

These excavations were continued by Wilhelm Dorpfeld, who discerned nine main periods of occupation at Troy (dating from Neolithic to Roman times), a sequence that was refined in the 1930s by Carl Blegen and his U.S. team.

Today the ruins of
Troy are being reexamined by a joint German-U.S. expedition, led by Manfred Korfmann, that resumed work in 1988 (Korfmann and Mannsperger 1998). New information on the landscape around Troy over the millennia and the extent of the lower town at the foot of the citadel is that this ancient stronghold was a far larger, more important city than the archaeological record had previously revealed.


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The tale of the siege of
Troy is a conflict shrouded in mists of mystery and myth, but it is also the greatest secular story ever told. It has captured the imagination of the Western World for some 3,000 years, sprawling across cultures, time and geography.

See Achilles, Zeus, Apollo, Delphi, Olympians, Greeks, Hermes, Hera, Hades, Bacchus, Centaurs, Cerberus, Daedalus, Dionysus, Mars, Vulcan, Oracle, Tarpeian Rock, Tartarus, Telegonus, Telemachus, Achilles, Troy, Casting Black Magic Spells, Commanding Spirits, The Tarot Store, Divination & Scrying Tools and Supplies, Unique Amulets, Talismans, Good Luck Charms, and Love Tokens, Powerful Witch Doctor Spell Kits, Powerful Spells - Cast by Andreika the Witch, Webmasters Make $$$, AzureGreen - Celebrating All Paths to the Divine, ISIS - Tools for Your Soul's Journey, and The Pyramid Collection - Myth, Magick, Fantasy and Romance.

Homer's Iliad

Sources: (1) Murray, Tim,
Encyclopedia of Archaeology, History and Discoveries, ABC-CLIO.

-- Further Learning

Copyright Info --
-- Videos and DVDs Bibliography --
-- Art and Graphics Basic Navigation --
-- Suggested Reading Additional Online Info --


Suggested Software:
Courses on New Age and Alternative Beliefs:

-- Age of Mythology Gold Edition.

Battle for Troy CD-ROM.

Breaking the Rosetta Stone Code CD-ROM.

Greek Mythology CD-ROM.

The Myth and Legend of Osiris CD-ROM.

-- Click HERE for more related software.

-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling software titles.

Suggested Videos:

-- Battles That Changed the World: Trojan War.

Greek Gods.

Helen of Troy (2003).

Hercules: Power of the Gods (Documentary DVD).

Monsters of Greek Mythology: A Video Introduction to Greek Mythology.

National Geographic - Beyond the Movie: Troy.

Odyssey of Troy.

The Legacy of Ancient Civilizations: Troy and Pergamum.

Timeless Tales: Myths of Ancient Greece.

Trojan City.

Trojan Horse.

Troy - Myth or Reality? DVD.

Troy - The True Story of Love, Power, Honor & the Pursuit of Glory DVD.

Troy - Two-Disc Full Screen Edition (2004).

Troy - Unearthing the Legend.

Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology.

-- Click HERE for more related videos.

-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling DVD titles.

-- Ancient Civilizations (World History Part 1).

-- Greek Mythology.

Metaphysics 101.

-- New Age Movement: Historical Perspective.

New Age Movement: The New World Order and Symbolism.

Understanding Parapsychology and the Paranormal.

-- Click HERE for more new age and alternative beliefs courses.

Suggested Art prints and Posters:

Procession of the Trojan Horse into Troy
Procession of the...
Giovanni ...
Buy This at
  Apollo with Chariot
Apollo with...
Buy This at
Ravissement de Psyche
Ravissement de Psyche Art Print
Buy this poster
  The Sabine Women, 1799
The Sabine Women,...
Jacques-Louis ...
Buy This at
Neptune's Horses, Illustration for "The Greek Mythological Legend," Published in London, 1910
Neptune's Horses, Illustration for "The Greek Mythological Legend," Published in London, 1910 Giclee Print
Crane, Walter
Buy this poster
  The Abduction of Helen, circa 1626-31
The Abduction of Helen, circa 1626-31 Giclee Print
Reni, Guido
Buy this poster

-- Click HERE for more related art prints and posters.
-- Click HERE for related magazines and periodicals.

Suggested Books:

-- A Fair Wind for Troy.


Achilles and Hector: The Homeric Heroes.

Achilles Tatius.

Adventures of the Greek Heroes.

After the Trojan War - Women of Troy, Hecuba, Helen: Three Plays.

An Arrow's Flight.

Black Ships Before Troy: The Story of the Iliad.

Celebrating Homer's Landscapes: Troy and Ithaca Revisited.

Children's Homer: The Adventures of Odysseus and the Tale of Troy.

Dateline: Troy.

Encyclopedia of Classic Mythology.

From Troy to Entebbe: Special Operations in Ancient and Modern Times.

Golden Treasures of Troy: The Dream of Heinrich Schliemann (Discoveries).

Greek Myths; Ulysses and the Trojan War.

Helen : Myth, Legend, and the Culture of Misogyny.


In Search of the Trojan War.

In Search of Troy: One Man's Quest for Homer's Fabled City.

Inside the Walls of Troy: A Novel of the Women Who Lived the Trojan War.

Lost and Found - The 9,000 Treasures of Troy: Heinrich Schliemann and the Gold That Got Away.

Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes.

Tales of the Trojan War.

The Fall of Troy.

The Great Legend.

The Iliad (Everyman's Library).

The Iliad of Homer.

The Legend of Odysseus.

The Odyssey (Everyman's Library).

The Trojan Horse: How the Greeks Won the War (Step into Reading Books).

The Trojan War.

The Trojan War (Great Battles and Sieges).

The Wanderings of Odysseus: The Story of the Odyssey.

The War at Troy.

Trojan War.

-- Click HERE for more related books.

-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling book titles.



Further info:

-- Achilles.
-- Trojan War.
-- Trojan War Myth in Ancient Art.
-- Troy.
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