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A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed (c. 570-632 AD), believing in one God, Allah, and in Paradise and Hell, and having a body of law put forth in the Koran and the Sunna.
Also, Moslems as a group, the Islamic civilization, and nations whose predominant populations and religion are Moslem.
Islamism is the religious faith, tenets, or cause of Islam. Islam was founded on the 7th century AD as a result of revelation to Mohammed the Prophet.
There are three Islamic traditions:
1. The Sunni; the majority, and the more orthodox group. They recognize the succession from Mohammed to Abu Bakr to the next three caliphs (rulers of the Islamic world).
2. The Shi'ites; followers of Ali, Mohammed's nephew and son-in-law. They believe in 12 imans (teachers) who guide the faithful to paradise.
3. Three other sub-sects exist: the Sufis, the Ismailis, and the Wahhabis.
Islam sacred texts are the Koran (the word of God as revealed to Mohammed), the Hadith (what Mohammed the Prophet said and did), and the Sunnah (rules and regulations of Muslim life).
See A Brief Illustrated Guide To Understanding Islam, A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies and Customs, Together With the Technical and Theological Terms, of the Muslim Religion, Answering Islam: The Crescent in Light of the Cross, Islam: The Straight Path, The Oxford History of Islam, Animism, Horoscope, Horary Astrology, Zodiac, Numerology, Astrology, Bibliomancy, Kabbalism, Alchemy, Mystic Gifts and Charms - New Age Gift Shop & Wicca and Pagan Supplies, Love Spells -- Use these powerful love spells to help you find and keep your true love, The Tarot Store, The Chakra Store, Divination & Scrying Tools and Supplies, Unique Amulets, Talismans, Good Luck Charms, and Love Tokens, Powerful Witch Doctor Spell Kits, Powerful Spells - Cast by Andreika the Witch, Webmasters Make $$$, AzureGreen - Celebrating All Paths to the Divine, ISIS - Tools for Your Soul's Journey, and The Pyramid Collection - Myth, Magick, Fantasy and Romance.
Sources: (1) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (2) Dictionary of the Occult, Caxton Publishing.
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Suggested Books:-- 40 Hadiths for Children with Stories.
-- A Brief Illustrated Guide To Understanding Islam.
-- A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies and Customs.
-- Answering Islam: The Crescent in Light of the Cross.
-- Christianity and Islam.
-- From Zoroastrian Iran to Islam: Studies in Religious History and Intercultural Contacts.
-- Islam: A Short History (Modern Library Chronicles).
-- Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization.
-- Islam: Spirit and Form.
-- Islam: The Religion and the People.
-- Islam: The Straight Path.
-- Islam for Dummies.
-- Mohammed, the Prophet of Islam.
-- Mystics and Saints of Islam.
-- No god but God: The Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam.
-- The Faith of Islam.
-- The Genius of Islam: How Muslims Made the Modern World.
-- The Heart of Islam: Enduring Values for Humanity.
-- The Oxford History of Islam.
-- The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (and the Crusades).
-- Understanding Islam - Quick Grasp of Faith.
-- Unveiling Islam: An Insider's Look at Muslim Life and Beliefs.
-- What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam.
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