Wars undertaken by Christians in the late Middle Ages to secure the right of Christian pilgrims to visit the Holy Sepulchre and to recover the Holy Land from its Muslim conquerors.
The name Crusades is derived from the cross that the Crusaders wore on their dress.
The idea of chivalry as well as hopes of material gain were prominent. According to Matthew Paris, each nation had its special color, which was red for France, white for England, green for Flanders, blue or azure for Italy, and gules (red) for Spain. Scotland had a St. Andrew's cross, and the Knights Templar, red on white.
"God wills it!"
That was the battle cry of the thousands of Christians who joined crusades to free the Holy Land from the Turks. From 1096 to 1270 there were eight major crusades and two children's crusades, both in the year 1212. Only the First and Third Crusades were successful.
In the long history of the Crusades, thousands of knights, soldiers, merchants, and peasants lost their lives on the march or in battle.
See A Concise History of the Crusades, A History of the Crusades: The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, A History of the Crusades: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades, Crusades: The Illustrated History, King Arthur, Glastonbury, Camelot, Knights Templar, Lyonesse, Mystic Gifts and Charms - New Age Gift Shop & Wicca and Pagan Supplies, Love Spells -- Use these powerful love spells to help you find and keep your true love, The Tarot Store, Divination & Scrying Tools and Supplies, Unique Amulets, Talismans, Good Luck Charms, and Love Tokens, Powerful Witch Doctor Spell Kits, Powerful Spells - Cast by Andreika the Witch, Webmasters Make $$$, AzureGreen - Celebrating All Paths to the Divine, ISIS - Tools for Your Soul's Journey, and The Pyramid Collection - Myth, Magick, Fantasy and Romance.
Sources: Article is scheduled to be reviewed.
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