Alternatively Aggerath, Igrath, Igereth, Iggereth, Agrat, and Agrath bath Mahalath (Agrath Daughter of Mahalath).
In Rabbinic mythology and demonology, a powerful female demon, one of the four spirits of sacred prostitution (the ‘Four Daughters of the Night’).
Agrath, also known as the 'Roof Demon' and the 'Daughter of Illness', commands eighteen legions of evil spirits and rides in a big chariot. She is most powerful on the nights of Wednesday and Saturday, when she and her mother Mahalath devour victims, especially people who are out alone.
Originally this mother and daughter demonic team were present all the time, but once while roaming the night, Agrath met Rabbi Hanina ben Dosa. Legend goes that the demoness said to Rabbi Hanina:
“If they had not announced about you in Heaven 'Be careful with Hanina and his learning' I would endanger you!”
To which the Rabbi replied:
“If I have status in Heaven, I decree that you shall not pass through populated areas forever!”
Fearing her nightly reign of chaos was doomed, Agrath humbly asked:
“With your permission, leave me a little opening.”
Rabbi Hanina ben Dosa left her the nights of the seventh and fourth years.
An allegory in the old Jewish Talmud teaches that the demons are all children of four daughters of Night — Agrath, Makhlath, Lilith and Naama. Their assembling place is on Mount Nishpah, the Mount of Twilight toward the North. In these mountains of darkness they celebrate the Witches Sabbath, when they would have intercourse with Samael, the Prince of Demons. Agrath (beating) and her mother, Makhlath, are in constant struggle against Lilith, the 'Night Demon'.
Some authors, such as Donald Tyson, refer to these demonesses as manifestations of Lilith. Agrath rules Salamanca (western quarter), Naamah rules Damascus (eastern quarter), while Lilith rules Rome (northern quarter). The southern quarter is controversial, since it is assigned to a country (Egypt) instead of to a city, and the name of the ruler is unclear, but is usually identified as Mahalath, Agrath’s mother.
According to the Kabbalah and the school of Rashba, Agrath bath Mahalath mated with King David and bore a cambion son Asmodeus, ‘King of Demons’. Other traditions put Agrath as daughter of Asmodeus, and ‘Queen of the Demons’.
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Sources: (1) Dictionary of the Occult, Caxton Publishing; (2) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (3) Masello, Robert, Fallen Angels. . . and Spirits of the Dark, The Berkley Publishing Group; (4) Guiley, Rosemary Ellen and Zaffis, John, The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology, Checkmark Books; (5) Lewis, James R., Angels A to Z, Visible Ink Press; (6) Godwin, David, Godwin's Cabalistic Encyclopedia: A Complete Guide to Cabalistic Magic, Llewellyn Publications.
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