Also Abaddan, Apollyon, Appolyon and Appolion (Greek).
Abaddon literally meaning destruction, ruin or perdition is the Hebrew name of the demon identified as the 'angel' of the bottomless pit, or the abyss, in Revelation, 9:11, who ties up the Devil for a millennium. Also known as 'The Destroyer', from his role as one of the destroying angels of the Apocalypse. In Job 26:6, and Proverbs 15:11, the word Abaddon arises in conjunction with Sheol. He is further identified as the Devil himself in the 3rd century Acts of Thomas, as well as in John Bunyan's Puritan classic, Pilgrim's Progress.
Abaddon/Apollyon is the chief of the demons of the seventh hierarchy, the king of the grasshoppers, or demon locusts. These demons would emerge with the sounding of the fifth trump in Heaven. The sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots running to battle. They are described as having the bodies of winged war-horses, the faces of humans, heads crowned with gold, and the poisonous curved tails of scorpions, with stings at the end.
Cornelius Agrippa was the one that equated Abaddon with Apollyon, and positioned him as the monarch in the lower shadow of the sphere of the planet Venus, which is the Sephirah of Netzach on the Kabbalistic Tree:
"The seventh mansion the Furies possess, which are powers of evil, discords, war and devastations, whose prince in the Revelations is called in Greek Apollyon, in Hebrew Abaddon, that is destroying and wasting"
(Occult Philosophy, Book 3, Chapter 18).
The biblical verse cited by Agrippa is Revelation 9:11, which reads:
"And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon."
As described in Revelation, Apollyon opens the gates of the abyss and unleashes upon the earth his swarms of demons locusts, who then proceed to torture those of mankind who do not bear the seal of God upon their forehead. After that, he is supposed to seize Satan himself, bind him and toss him into the bottomless pit for a thousand years.
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