Alternatively known as Aguares and Agreas.
In demonology, a demon, Grand Duke of the eastern regions of Hell. He has 31 infernal legions under his command.
Agares is one of the fallen angels. Prior to his fall, he was a member of the the angelic order of Virtues.
Reginald Scot, in his 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' (1584) wrote of Agares:
"Agares, he commeth up mildlie in the likenes of a faire old man, riding upon a crocodile, and carrying a hawke on his fist; hee teacheth presentlie all maner of toongs, he fetcheth backe all such as runne awaie, and maketh them runne that stand still; he overthroweth all dignities supernaturall and temporall, hee maketh earthquakes, and is of the order of vertues, having under his regiment thirtie one legions."
A master linguist, Agares is also known to incite dance among mortals. He is usually depicted as a pale old man riding a crocodile and carrying a goshawk, or sparrowhawk, on his wrist; his main functions, besides teaching languages and dance, is to stop runaways, destroy spiritual and temporal dignities, make enemies flee, and to cause earthquakes. The army he protects in battle is indeed a fortunate one, for he disperses their enemies and puts new courage into the hearts of cowards who fly before superior numbers. He is also said to distribute place and power, titles and prelacies amongst his followers and protιgιes.
In his 'Pseudomonarchia Daemonum', Johann Wier says of Agares:
"The first duke under the power of the east, is named Agares, he commeth up mildile [i.e. he appears willingly] in the likenes of a faire old man, riding upon a crocodile, and carrieng a hawke on his fist; hee teacheth presentlie all maner of toongs, he fetcheth backe all such as runne awaie, and maketh them runne that stand still; he overthroweth all dignities supernaturall and temporall, hee maketh earthquakes, [lit. "and makes spirits of the earth dance"] and is of the order of vertues, having under his regiment thirtie one legions."
In the Goetia, this is how S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers describes Agares:
"The Second Spirit is a Duke called Agreas, or Agares. He is under the Power of the East, and cometh up in the form of an old fair Man, riding upon a Crocodile, carrying a Goshawk upon his fist, and yet mild in appearance. He maketh them to run that stand still, and bringeth back runaways. He teaches all Languages or Tongues presently. He hath power also to destroy Dignities both Spiritual and Temporal, and causeth Earthquakes. He was of the Order of Virtues. He hath under his government 31 Legions of Spirits. And this is his Seal or Character which thou shalt wear as a Lamen before thee."
Colin de Plancy's 'Dictionnaire Infernal' also mentions Agares:
"Aguares, of the order of the virtues who governs thirty-one legions, appears riding a crocodile and carrying a sparrowhawk. He is said to make deserters return and can cause enemies to flee. He can exalt people, teach all languages, and make the earth spirits dance."
According to occult tradition, Agares is the 2nd of the 72 spirits Solomon was reputed to have shut up in a brass vessel and cast into a deep lake, or banished to "lower Egypt."
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Sources: (1) Masello, Robert, Fallen Angels. . . and Spirits of the Dark, The Berkley Publishing Group; (2) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (3) de Plancy, Collin, 'Dictionnaire Infernal', Editions; (4) Wier, Johann, 'Pseudomonarchia Daemonum'; (5) Mathers, S. Liddell MacGregor, The Goetia, The Key of Solomon the King, The Book Tree; (6) Bailey, Nancy (editor), The Little Giant Encyclopedia of Spells and Magic, Sterling; (7) Scot, Reginald, 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft', Dover Publications; (8) Davidson, Gustav, Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels, Free Press; (9) Guiley, Rosemary Ellen and Zaffis, John, The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology, Checkmark Books.
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