A familiar name for a member of the Society of Friends, a religious body having no definite creed and no regular ministry, founded by George Fox (1624-91).
Fox began his preaching in 1647. His followers created an organized society during the 1650s and 1660s.
It appears from the founders Journal that they first obtained the appellation (1650) from the following circumstances: 'Justice Bennet, of Derby,' says Fox, 'was the first to call us Quakers, because I bid them Tremble at the Word of the Lord'.
The Quakers have had an important role in the formation of civil societies on both sides of the Atlantic. Their opposition to war and work for peace, as well as the social witness which emerged out of their idea of spiritual equality and opposition to slavery, is perhaps what they are best known for today.
See A Quaker Book of Wisdom: Life Lessons in Simplicity, Service, and Common Sense (Living Planet Book), Faith and Practice of the Quakers, First Among Friends: George Fox and the Creation of Quakerism, George Fox and the Quakers, John Woolman: Quintessential Quaker, 1720-1772, Journal of George Fox, Quaker Book of Wisdom: Life Lessons in Simplicity, Service and Common Sense, Quaker Spirituality: Selected Writings, Buddhism, Christ, Freemasonry, Thoth, Mithra, Rosicrucians, Taoism, Mystic Gifts and Charms - New Age Gift Shop & Wicca and Pagan Supplies, Love Spells -- Use these powerful love spells to help you find and keep your true love, The Tarot Store, The Chakra Store, Divination & Scrying Tools and Supplies, Unique Amulets, Talismans, Good Luck Charms, and Love Tokens, Powerful Witch Doctor Spell Kits, Powerful Spells - Cast by Andreika the Witch, Webmasters Make $$$, AzureGreen - Celebrating All Paths to the Divine, ISIS - Tools for Your Soul's Journey, and The Pyramid Collection - Myth, Magick, Fantasy and Romance.
Sources: (1) Dictionary of the Occult, Caxton Publishing; (2) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (3) The Encyclopaedia Britannica Eleventh Edition Handy Volume Edition, Oxford University Press; (4) Dandelion, Pink, The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press.
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