The hypothetical influence of mind over matter without the use of any known physical or sensory means. Together with ESP, psychokinesis is investigated by parapsychology.
Psychokinesis includes telekinesis, the paranormal movement of objects; levitation and materialization; mysterious events associated with given people or houses such as rappings, overturned furniture, and flying objects; and psychic healing.
Since the 1930s PK has been a major research interest among parapsychologists, especially in the United States and Russia, but, in general, the results have been inconclusive.
In 1968 Russia released film and other evidence to the West showing Nina Kulagina, a housewife from Leningrad, apparently using PK to move a variety of stationary objects. She was also photographed apparently levitating objects. In the 1970s the Israeli psychic Uri Geller dazzled TV audiences with his alleged powers of bending metal with a few gentle strokes or taps with his fingers. Under laboratory conditions, experiments with Geller proved inconclusive, and certain professional magicians have claimed that Geller is a fraud using simple sleight-of-hand to achieve his extraordinary feats.
Most scientists deny the existence of PK, and the difficulty in reproducing PK phenomena and the lack of an adequate theoretical explanation excludes it from systematic scientific investigation.
See Bibliomancy, Radiesthesia, Astrology, Acutomancy, Agalmatomancy, Divination, Coscinomancy, Cleidomancy, Augur, Stoichomancy, Dowsing, Tarot, Heptameron, Demonology, Sortilege, Idolomancy, Demonomancy, Tephramancy, Anemoscopy, Eromancy, Austromancy, Chaomancy, Roadomancy, Capnomancy, Pyromancy, Meteormancy, Ceraunoscopy, Zoomancy, Felidomancy, Horoscope, Horary Astrology, Zodiac, and Numerology.
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Sources: (1) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (2) Dictionary of the Occult, Caxton Publishing.
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