Alternatively Aruspex and Auspex.
The Latin name for a diviner, originally derived from the Etruscan method of divination which involved the foretelling of future events from an examination of the entrails of slaughtered or sacrificed animals and birds (haruspicy). The word may have been derived from the Sanskrit root hira ('entrails'). A synonymous term is extispicy.
A soothsayer, a person who divines; a prophet, someone capable of seeing the past, the present and the future.
In ancient Rome the position of haruspex was well respected, and, like the augur, he was usually consulted by the emperor and other government officials before any major political or military move was made.
The significant feature the haruspices observed to voice their predictions was the liver and its pyramid-shaped projection known as the processus pyramidalis, but portents could come in many different forms. From earthquakes and volcanic eruptions to the appearance of freaks (monstrously deformed children, calves with two heads and the like), such apparitions were considered deeply ominous, indicating that peaceful relations with the gods were under strain, and in serious cases the Senate would be consulted to determine the correct response.
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See Divination, Tarot, Demonomancy, Acutomancy, Agalmatomancy, Augur, Anthomancy, Divination, Coscinomancy, Cleidomancy, Stoichomancy, Dowsing, Heptameron, Demonology, Sortilege, Idolomancy, Demonomancy, Tephramancy, Anemoscopy, Eromancy, Austromancy, Chaomancy, Roadomancy, Capnomancy, Pyromancy, Meteormancy, Ceraunoscopy, Zoomancy, Felidomancy, Mystic Gifts and Charms - New Age Gift Shop & Wicca and Pagan Supplies, The Chakra Store, Love Spells -- Use these powerful love spells to help you find and keep your true love, The Tarot Store, Divination & Scrying Tools and Supplies, Unique Amulets, Talismans, Good Luck Charms, and Love Tokens, Powerful Witch Doctor Spell Kits, Powerful Spells - Cast by Andreika the Witch, Webmasters Make $$$, AzureGreen - Celebrating All Paths to the Divine, ISIS - Tools for Your Soul's Journey, and The Pyramid Collection - Myth, Magick, Fantasy and Romance.
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Sources: (1) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group; (2) Dictionary of the Occult, Caxton Publishing; (3) The Encyclopaedia Britannica Eleventh Edition Handy Volume Edition, Oxford University Press; (4) Bailey, Nancy (editor), The Little Giant Encyclopedia of Spells and Magic, Sterling Publishing; (5) Dunwich, Gerina, A Wiccan's Guide to Prophecy and Divination, Carol Publishing Group; (6) Allan, Tony, Prophecies: 4,000 Years of Prophets, Visionaries, and Predictions, Thorsons Publishing.
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